More than two thirds of the 175 countries in the 2014 CPI score below 50. Denmark tops the list in 2014 with a score of 92 while North Korea and Somalia share last place, scoring just eight. Also at the tail-end are Iraq (16), South Sudan (16), Afghanistan (12), and Sudan (11). The biggest declines were registered in in Turkey (-5), Angola, China, Malawi and Rwanda (all -4). The biggest improvers were Côte d´Ivoire, Egypt, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (+5), Afghanistan, Jordan, Mali and Swaziland (+4).
CPI rankings in East Africa and Africa
Among the East Africa Community (EAC) countries, Rwanda was once again the top performer with a score of 49 at position 55 globally; its score has however dropped from 53 in 2013. Tanzania was second with a score of 31 at position 119, Uganda followed at 142 with a score of 26 then Kenya. Burundi was at the bottom of the pack with a score of 20 at number 159. All the EAC countries dropped in score except Uganda whose score remained unchanged.
The highest scoring country in Sub Saharan Africa was Botswana with a score of 63 followed by Cape Verde (57) and Seychelles (55). Kenya is ranked 35th in Sub Saharan Africa.
“Kenya’s decline in the Corruption Perceptions’ Index calls to question the reforms that have been instituted in various sectors since the adoption of the Constitution of Kenya 2010. An audit of the reform process is needed to isolate areas of weakness that continue to provide fertile ground for corruption,” said Samuel Kimeu, the Executive Director Transparency International Kenya. “Inaction or slow action on corruption cases, particularly big cases involving high ranking officials may have contributed to a high perception of corruption in the country. Little success has been recorded in the investigation and prosecution of grand corruption cases to date. During the year, controversial payments to one of the Anglo Leasing companies may have heightened this perception further. The government should deepen and expedite efforts to put cases like Anglo Leasing, Goldenberg and others to rest.”
Corruption in emerging economies
China’s score fell to 36 in 2014 from 40 in 2013 despite the fact the Chinese government launched an anti-corruption campaign targeting corrupt public officials. The government has recognised the need to follow officials who hide ill-gotten gains overseas. The score matches a poor performance by Chinese companies in Transparency International’s recent report on corporate disclosure practices where all eight Chinese companies scored less than three out of ten.
“Countries at the bottom need to adopt radical anti-corruption measures in favour of their people. Countries at the top of the index should make sure they don’t export corrupt practices to underdeveloped countries.” said José Ugaz, the Chair of Transparency International.
The release of the CPI comes just a day before the launch of the East African Bribery Index 2014 findings and as the country prepares to mark the International Anti-Corruption Day on 9th December. For details on the East African Bribery Index launch, please see the note below.
Note to the Editors
- Methodology: The Corruption Perception Index scores and ranks countries and territories around the world on a scale from 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean) on the perceived level of corruption in the public sector. The CPI aggregates data from a number of different sources that provide perceptions of business people and country experts of the level of corruption in the public sector.
- Data sources: The 2014 CPI draws on data sources from independent institutions specialising in governance and business climate analysis. The sources of information used for the 2014 CPI are based on data gathered in the past 24 months. The CPI includes only sources that provide a score for a set of countries/territories and that measure perceptions of corruption in the public sector. Transparency International reviews the methodology of each data source in detail to ensure that the sources used meet Transparency International’s quality standards. 12 data sources were used to construct the CPI 2014; 8 sources were used for Kenya.
- East African Bribery Index: The East African Bribery Index (EABI) is a governance tool developed to map out bribery experiences in East Africa during service delivery interactions in key sectors. The survey is conducted in Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. The regional launch of the East African Bribery Index will be held on Thursday 4th December 2014 from 9.30 AM at the Sarova Stanley Hotel, Nairobi.
- Transparency International Kenya (TI-Kenya) is a not-for-profit organisation founded in 1999 in Kenya with the vision of developing a transparent and corruption-free society through good governance and social justice initiatives. TI-Kenya is one of the autonomous chapters of the global Transparency International movement that are all bound by a common vision of a corruption-free world.
 African Development Bank Governance Ratings 2013; Bertelsmann Foundation Sustainable Governance Indicators 2014; Bertelsmann Foundation Transformation Index 2014; Economist Intelligence Unit Country Risk Ratings 2014; Freedom House Nations in Transit 2013; Global Insight Country Risk Ratings 2014; IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook 2014; Political and Economic Risk Consultancy Asian Intelligence 2014; Political Risk Services International Country Risk Guide 2014; World Bank - Country Policy and Institutional Assessment 2013; World Economic Forum Executive Opinion Survey (EOS) 2014; World Justice Project Rule of Law Index 2014