- Category: Programmes.
- July 17 th.
- Written by Transparency International Kenya .
Transparency International has long held that the most damaging impact of corruption is the diversion of basic resources from the poor. Corruption in humanitarian aid is the most egregious form of this, as it deprives the most vulnerable among the poor - the victims of natural disasters and civil conflicts - of essential life-saving resources.
Transparency International- Kenya‘s Humanitarian Aid Integrity Programme aims to enhance transparency and accountability in the implementation of humanitarian operations at institutional, policy and operational levels.
TI-Kenya is working together with governments, international and national humanitarian organisations, civil society organisations, private companies and affected populations to achieve the following long-term results:
- International and national institutions adopt, coordinate and enforce the implementation of anti-corruption instruments in their operations
- Affected populations are able to effectively identify and address corruption in humanitarian operations.
During the first phase of the programme, an analysis of the 2011 drought response was conducted in cooperation with key actors involved in the food assistance sector including; relevant Ministries, international and national humanitarian organisations, development partners and beneficiaries.
The findings and recommendations of this study informed the programmatic focus of the second phase of the programme around the following components:
• National and County level advocacy interventions promoting integrity and accountability in aid and basic service provision
• Building capacity of State and non-State actors in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) to identify and deter corruption risks in their operations
• Community empowerment and awareness raising to enhance monitoring of aid and reporting of suspected corruption cases.
Since September 2014, TI-Kenya has been building on the achievements and interventions of the organisation, to improve accountability and transparency in the implementation of humanitarian assistance in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) counties. The action is structured around three components:
i) Advocacy at County , national and international levels;
ii) Capacity building for agencies and government officers to raise awareness on the risk of corruption in implementing resilience programmes as well as propose mitigation measures;
iii) Community monitoring and participation to raise beneficiaries’ awareness on corruption risks and building their capacity to monitor aid and basic services projects implemented in their community.
Currently TI-Kenya is implementing two projects geared towards enhancing accountability and transparency in the design and implementation of Humanitarian Assistance in Kenya.
i. SOCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY PROJECT
Social accountability is the measure of a governmental and non-governmental organisation's adherence to the social contract entered between it and the communities who by right are entitled to this service(s)/intervention during the contractual period. The project is currently funded by the European Union through the ASAL Drought Contingency Fund Project (ASAL-DCFP) implemented under the National Drought Management Authority (NDMA). The project is aimed at improving accountability and transparency in implementation of drought preparedness and mitigation interventions in Turkana, Wajir and West Pokot County through rights and awareness community forums and supporting social auditors to conduct audit assessments. This project is being carried out through implementing partners: St. Peter’s Community Network (SAPCONE) in Turkana, Wajir Paralegal Network (WAPNET) in Wajir and SIKOM Peace Network in West Pokot. The locations the project is currently targeting are listed below:
|Wajir||Qanjara, Dasheq, Laghboghol West, Dambas, Wagalla,Harakhotkot, Lafaley, Laghboghol South, ,Leheley, Tarbaj|
|West Pokot||Kodich ,Kacheliba ,Lomut ,Chepareria , Ortum, Kongelai, Konyau, Sigor|
Turkwel ,Kanamkemer, Lowarengak, Kataboi, Kalokol
Kabulokor,Nachukui, Kaleeng,Lolupe, and Kanakurdio
ii. UWAJIBIKAJI PAMOJA
Uwajibikaji Pamoja (“Accountability Together” in Kiswahili) is a web-based Integrated Complaint Referral Mechanism. The project is implemented by TI-Kenya in three counties (Turkana, West Pokot and Wajir), in partnership with over 40 state and non-state service providers both at local and international capacities. This initiative was first launched in February 2014 in Turkana, followed by West Pokot in September 2014 and finally Wajir County in October 2014. The ‘Uwajibikaji Pamoja’ platform aims to improve service delivery for the local residents by facilitating coordination of service providers, enhancing capacity of service providers on accountability and sensitizing community members on their right to receive quality interventions. All this is achieved through community engagement via radio programming, joint out reaches, influencing the accountability agenda through engagement with partners and policy makers, participation in forums, documentation, referral of complaints, dissemination of reports and lessons learnt through workshops and learning events. The service enables members of the public to submit complaints or feedback concerning aid and service delivery through three channels: a toll-free SMS line, a web-based portal, or by filling out paper forms. People with no access to a mobile phone or internet can visit the nearest office of a participating organisation to lodge their complaints. A walk-in option also allows people who cannot read or write to report their cases. Complaints received from affected residents range from sectors such as food aid and health services, to education, planning, housing, public services management and include issues such as quality and timeliness of aid services, non-inclusion, conflict of interest and behavior of staff.
Visit www.haipcrm.com for more information.
In 2014 Transparency International established a network of TI chapters interested in the issue of corruption in humanitarian aid at the national and global level. The Humanitarian Aid Integrity Network (HAIN) is led by TI Kenya on behalf of the international TI movement. In this framework, TI-Kenya is currently coordinating the implementation of the CREATE Project.
Collective Resolution to Enhance Accountability and Transparency in Emergencies
This project, funded by ECHO (the European Commission Humanitarian Office), brings together TI's anti-corruption expertise with the humanitarian research and policy experience of Humanitarian Outcomes and of Groupe Urgence, Réhabilitation et Développement. The project generates evidence-based knowledge of corruption risks and practical solutions in diverse but complex humanitarian contexts. Based on country-specific research and comparative analysis of corruption risks in complex emergencies with constrained access (Afghanistan, Somalia), countries affected by massive inflows of refugees (Lebanon), and countries affected by large-scale public health emergencies (Guinea), the project shares good practice and lessons learned and develops recommendations and principles to enhance the integrity of humanitarian operations through multi-stakeholder engagement at the national, regional and global level. The project is running for two years, from September 2015 to August 2017, and is coordinated by Transparency International Kenya, with the involvement of Transparency International partners in Jordan, Lebanon and Senegal. Using Transparency International’s multi- stakeholder engagement approach, the project seeks to promote and facilitate inter-stakeholder dialogue and joint commitment to strengthen transparency and accountability in humanitarian operations. This includes stakeholder consultations with key humanitarian donors, UN agencies, international and local non-governmental organisations (NGOs), and state agencies.
CREATE Project Newsletter #01/2016 CREATE Newletter_June 2016
Policy Brief #01/2016 "The Humanitarian Imperative: How Curbing Corruption Can Save Lives". Download the brief: Policy Brief_humanitarian aid_May 2016
The Food Assistance Integrity Study, Analysis of the 2011 Drought response in Kenya
TI Humanitarian handbook: "Preventing Corruption in Humanittarian Assistance" (English, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Arabic)
TI/ ODI 2008 corruption risk analysis report
Committees of Accountability feature on how public participation is improving delivery of food aid to communities: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7ARvzM0yvU&feature=plcp
Article by Nicolas Seris and Roslyn Hees of Transparency International on how can we curb corruption in humanitarian operations. Page 72 of the Humanitarian Accountability Report. Download the report: http://www.chsalliance.org/files/files/CHS-Alliance-HAR-2015.pdf.