FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (F.A.Q.‚ÄôS) ON LEADERSHIP AND INTERGRITY AND DEVOLVED GOVERNMENT UNDER THE NEW KENYAN CONSTITUTION
Q. What is the difference between a Member of Parliament, Senator and Governor?
Ans: According to Article 93(1), Parliament will comprise of the National Assembly and the Senate. Article 98 of the Constitution states that the Senate will consist of 47 members elected by the registered voters of counties. The role of the Senate is laid down in Article 96 and includes representing the counties and serving to protect the interests of the counties and their governments (in the Parliament of Kenya).
Article 95 lays out the roles of MPs, these include: representing the people of the constituencies and special interests in the National Assembly; enacting legislation; determining the allocation of national revenue between the levels of government (national and county governments); appropriating funds for expenditure by the national government and other national State organs; and exercising oversight over national revenue and expenditure. They are also responsible for reviewing the conduct, in office, of the President, the Deputy President and other State officers as well as initiating the process of removing them from office in the event of any misconduct, and exercising oversight of State organs.
Article 180 provides that a governor is elected by voters in a county and shall be the chief executive of the county while Article 179(4) states that members of the county executive shall be accountable to the governor.
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